Jannatul Baqi (Arabic: جنة البقيع; "Garden of Baqi"), also known as Baqi al Gharqad (Arabic: بق0054 عالغرقد; "Baqi of the Goatthorn"), is the main medina cemetery located southeast of Masjid Arnabawi. It includes the tombs of many prominent members of the Prophet family, as well as the tombs of Sahaba, Tabiun, scholars, and righteous people.
Meaning of Baki
The word Baki (Arabic: بقيع) means "land containing a mixture of plants". It is related to the word Bica, which means vast land, but the word Baki specifically refers to land that contains tree debris such as trees, roots and trunks. The main tree species that grew in this area was Algarkad, commonly known as Arabian Wolfberry or desert thorns. The scientific name of this tree species is Lycium shawii. It is found throughout the Arabian Peninsula and is used in traditional medicine. BAQI is not found today.
Location and Size of Jannatul Baqi
Jannat-ul-Baki is the largest cemetery in Medina, next to Masjid Nabawi. It is believed to contain the tombs of at least 10,000 fellow Prophets. Unfortunately, these tombs are unmarked today and cannot be identified. 3 There are three entrances.
One is on the north side, the other is on the east side, and the front door is on the west side. This entrance is used by visitors and burials. The area between Jannatul Baqi and Masjid Nabwi, known as Bayn al Haramayn, was formerly home to Ahl al Bayt's homes and markets. These no longer exist and have been replaced by white marble squares. From the entrance to Jannat-ul-Baki you can see the eastern exit of Masjid Nabwi. It is said that the size of Jannatul Bakki was about 80 square meters. Today, it has grown to 175,000 m2 after being expanded to 1373/1953-54.
Hadess About Janat Ul Baqi
Abdullah ibn Umar narrates that the Prophet ﷺ said:
Whoever is able to die in Madina should do so, for surely, I will intercede for the one who dies in Madina.
Umm Qays narrates that she saw the Prophet ﷺ in Jannatul Baqi who said to her:
Do you see this graveyard? From it (Baqi) 70,000 will be resurrected on the Day of Judgment illumined like moonlight. They will enter Paradise without reckoning.
He ﷺ also said:
I shall be the first to come out of the earth, then Abu Bakr and then Umar. Then I shall come to the people of al-Baqi and they shall be gathered with me. Then I shall wait for the people of Makkah so that I shall be gathered between the people of the Two Sanctuaries.
Ahl al-Bayt (Family of the Prophet ﷺ)
As you enter the cemetery gate, there is a semicircular enclosure backed by an old stone retaining wall. Prominent members of the Prophet’s household ﷺ are buried here, namely: 1. Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Ali Talib, grandson of the Prophet ﷺ 2. Ali ibn Husain Zayn al-Abidin, the son of Hussain and the great-grandson of the Prophet ﷺ 3. Muhammad al-Baqir, the son of Zayn al-‘Abidin 4. Ja’far al-Sadiq, the son of Muhammad al-Baqir 5. Al-Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib, the paternal uncle of the Prophet ﷺ 6. Fatima, daughter of the Prophet ﷺ
Daughters of the Prophet ﷺ
About 25 metres north of the area of the graves of the Ahlul Bayt is a small enclosure containing the graves of the daughters of the Prophet ﷺ. This section contains the blessed bodies of:
• Umm Kulthum, daughter of the Prophet ﷺ
• Ruqayya, daughter of the Prophet ﷺ
• Zaynab, daughter of the Prophet ﷺ
Wives of the Prophet ﷺ
Slightly further north of the graves of the daughters of the Prophet ﷺ is an enclosure containing the graves of the wives of the Prophet ﷺ, described as the Mothers of the Believers in the Quran. All of his wives except Khadija bint Khuwaylid and Maymuna bint al-Harith K are buried here. Khadija is buried in the Jannatul Mualla cemetery in Makkah and Maymuna is buried 20 km north of Makkah at the location where she was married to the Prophet ﷺ.
The wives buried in al-Baqi are as follows:
1. Aisha bint Abu Bakr as-Siddiq
2. Sawda bint Zam’a
3. Hafsa bint Umar ibn al-Khattab
4. Zaynab bint Khuzayma
5. Umm Salama bint Abi Umayya
6. Juwayriyya bint al-Harith
7. Umm Habiba, Ramla bint Abi Sufyan
8. Safiyya bint Huyayy
9. Zaynab bint Jahsh
The grave of Uthman ibn Affan
Approximately 135 metres east of the Martyrs of al-Harra, is the grave of Uthman ibn Affan I, the third Caliph. He was buried outside Jannatul Baqi in a plot of farmland that he had bought for his son Aban. He wanted to be buried alongside the Prophet ﷺ and his two companions Abu Bakr and Umar but was unable to due to political uncertainty following his death.